Any dentist can perform a tooth extraction, but it's probably best to go with an oral surgeon. This is because an oral surgeon is most suited to handle most of the complications that may arise or be discovered during the extraction. Here are a few examples of such complications:
A conventional extraction requires the dentist to have full access to your mouth. However, this may be difficult to achieve if your mouth, jaw and related structures have developed in such a way that it's difficult to reach some sections of your mouth. For example, if you have a congenital abnormality that makes it difficult for you to move your jaws, the dentist may find it difficult to access your wisdom tooth or molars. Further maneuvering or cutting may be necessary to extract such teeth, and an oral surgeon is the best-placed person for it.
An impacted tooth is one that didn't penetrate fully through the gums, but gets blocked and remains wholly or partially below the gum line. A tooth may become impacted if it's tilted in the jaw, is growing at an unusual angle or it doesn't have enough room to emerge.
As you can imagine, extracting an impacted tooth is much more complicated than extracting a regular tooth. In most cases, the dentist needs to cut into the mouth and remove the impacted tooth surgically.
The extraction of a damaged or cracked tooth may also require the expertise of an oral surgeon. A tooth may crack during the extraction, for example, if it is diseased and isn't as strong as a normal tooth. It might also be that your tooth was already cracked, for example, if it was damaged in a car accident, before the extraction. In such cases, it's easy to leave a section of the tooth in the jawbone if normal extraction procedures are followed. Whatever the cause of the crack, the dentist may need to cut into the gum and jaw to extract the remaining part of the tooth.
As you can see, that an oral surgeon can handle any complication that may arise during a tooth extraction. The good news is that professional dentists don't take on more than they can chew; your dentist will tell you whether they are best placed to handle your dental issue or not. This means you have nothing to worry about as long as you aren't seeking help from a dental student. Contact a dental office, like Family 1st Dental, for more help.